• 14 June 2024

Top of the World: Earth’s Highest Peaks

Jan 18, 2024

Welcome to “Top of the World: Earth’s Highest Peaks”! This journey explores the tallest mountains on Earth, like Mount Everest and K2. Learn about the challenges and amazing stories of people who climbed these giants. Join us for a simple and exciting adventure into the world’s highest places!

Mount Everest

  • Location: Himalayas, Nepal/Tibet Autonomous Region, China
  • Elevation: 8,849 meters (29,032 feet)
  • The tallest mountain in the world, a popular destination for climbers.
  • Climbing Everest is tough due to harsh weather, high altitudes, and technical challenges, with unpredictable weather, high winds, and freezing temperatures.
  • Sherpas, indigenous to the region, play a vital role in guiding and supporting climbers, contributing to the success and safety of expeditions
  • Everest faces environmental issues such as litter and pollution, prompting efforts to promote responsible and sustainable climbing practices.

Karakoram

  • Location: Karakoram, Pakistan/China
  • Elevation: 8,611 meters (28,251 feet)
  • The second-highest mountain is often considered more challenging to climb than Everest.
  • The Karakoram is a mountain range situated in the disputed Kashmir region, spanning across Pakistan, China, India, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan.
  • Most of the range falls under the jurisdiction of Gilgit-Baltistan, administered by Pakistan.
  • The Karakoram is the second-highest mountain range globally, featuring peaks such as K2, Gasherbrum I, Broad Peak, and Gasherbrum II.
  • It is the most glaciated place on Earth outside the polar regions, hosting glaciers like Siachen and Biafo, with Siachen being the second-longest non-polar glacier.
  • Explored by European and British explorers starting in the 19th century, the Karakoram played a crucial role in historic trade routes like the Karakoram Pass between Ladakh and Yarkand.
  • The naming of peaks and ranges evolved over time, influenced by Central Asian traders, European explorers, and British surveyors.
  • The Karakoram is characterized by its geological activity, with a substantial glaciated area, making up 28-50% of the range.
  • Notable environmental features include the Tashkurghan National Nature Reserve and Pamir Wetlands National Nature Reserve, nominated for UNESCO inclusion in 2010.

Kangchenjunga

Pic Credit-Explorersweb
  • Location: Himalayas, Nepal/India
  • Elevation: 8,586 meters (28,169 feet)
  • Third-highest mountain, straddling the border of Nepal and India.
  • It encompasses five peaks, with three directly on the border and the other two in Nepal’s Taplejung District
  • First climbed in 1955 by Joe Brown and George Band, the expedition kept a promise to the Chogyal of Sikkim not to reach the true summit, rendering the top inviolate. The Indian side is off-limits to climbers, and in 2016, the adjoining Khangchendzonga National Park became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • The Kangchenjunga landscape spans Nepal, India, Bhutan, and China, with 14 protected areas covering 6,032 km2. These areas, including Kanchenjunga Conservation Area and Khangchendzonga National Park, harbor diverse plant and animal species like snow leopards, red pandas, and various orchids.
  • The name “Kangchenjunga” is derived from Tibetan words meaning “The five treasures of the high snow.” Local beliefs hold that these treasures reveal themselves to the devout during times of peril, including salt, gold, turquoise, sacred scriptures, invincible armor, grain, and medicine.

Lhotse

  • Location: Himalayas, Nepal/Tibet Autonomous Region, China
  • Elevation: 8,516 meters (27,940 feet)
  • Positioned south of Mount Everest, Lhotse shares the South Col with Everest, making it a common route for climbers attempting both peaks.
  • Climbers face steep icy slopes, crevasses, and the formidable Lhotse Face, presenting technical difficulties and extreme altitudes.
  • First summited in 1956, Lhotse has become a sought-after challenge for mountaineers, offering the thrill of high-altitude climbing.

Makalu

  • Location: Himalayas, Nepal/Tibet Autonomous Region, China
  • Elevation: 8,485 meters (27,838 feet)
  • Known for its tough terrain and severe weather, Makalu presents a formidable challenge to climbers.
  • The mountain is situated in the Makalu Barun National Park, home to diverse ecosystems and wildlife, including the elusive snow leopard.
  • The first successful climb was in 1955 by a French team led by Jean Franco, and since then, it has become a sought-after peak for mountaineers.

Cho Oyu

  • Location: Himalayas, Nepal/Tibet Autonomous Region, China
  • Elevation: 8,188 meters (26,864 feet)
  • Sixth-highest mountain, considered one of the easier 8,000-meter peaks.
  • The standard route via the northwest face involves less technical climbing compared to other peaks in the region.
  • The mountain was first summited on October 19, 1954, by an Austrian team led by Herbert Tichy. The climbers included Joseph Jöchler and Sherpa Pasang Dawa Lama.
  • Cho Oyu provides breathtaking panoramic views of neighboring peaks, including Everest to the northeast and Lhotse to the south.
  • The mountain is part of the Himalayas’s Mahalangur Range and offers stunning vistas of the Tibetan Plateau and the surrounding peaks.

Dhaulagiri

  • Location: Himalayas, Nepal
  • Elevation: 8,167 meters (26,795 feet)
  • Seventh-highest mountain, known for its steep slopes.
  • Dhaulagiri is known for its challenging climbing conditions, including steep slopes, avalanches, and unpredictable weather.
  • The mountain poses technical difficulties, requiring climbers to navigate icefalls, crevasses, and rock faces.
  • Dhaulagiri was first successfully summited on May 13, 1960, by a Swiss/Austrian expedition led by Max Eiselin.
  • The expedition members included Kurt Diemberger, Albin Schelbert, Ernst Forrer, and Peter Diener.
  • The region around Dhaulagiri is rich in cultural diversity, inhabited by various ethnic groups such as Gurungs and Magars.
  • The trekking routes to the base camp offer stunning views of traditional villages, terraced fields, and the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri mountain ranges.

Manaslu

Pic Credit-OutsiderOnline
  • Location: Himalayas, Nepal
  • Elevation: 8,163 meters (26,781 feet)
  • Eighth-highest mountain, part of the Nepalese Himalayas
  • First climbed on May 9, 1956, by Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu, members of a Japanese expedition. Manaslu is often considered a “Japanese mountain” due to the early successful attempts by Japanese climbers.
  • The Manaslu region offers a popular trekking route known as the Manaslu Circuit, spanning 177 kilometers (110 miles). This trek, permitted by the Nepalese government since 1991, follows an ancient salt-trading route along the Budhi Gandaki River and provides stunning views of peaks over 6,500 meters.
  • The Manaslu Conservation Area Project (MCAP), established in 1997, aims to conserve and sustainably manage the region’s natural resources. The conservation area covers 1,663 square kilometers and includes Manaslu. The area is rich in biodiversity, hosting various endangered species, and is managed by the National Trust for Nature Conservation (NTNC) of Nepal.

Nanga Parbat

Pic Credit-Britannica
  • Location: Himalayas, Pakistan
  • Elevation: 8,126 meters (26,660 feet)
  • Known as the “Killer Mountain” due to its high fatality rate for climbers.
  • The mountain is situated in the Pakistani-administered sector of the Kashmir region, approximately 17 miles (27 km) west-southwest of Astor.
  • The south wall of Nanga Parbat rises nearly 15,000 feet (4,600 meters) above the valley immediately below, while the north side drops about 23,000 feet (7,000 meters) to the Indus River.
  • The first successful ascent of Nanga Parbat was achieved in 1953 by the Austrian climber Hermann Buhl. Prior attempts, including one led by British climber Albert F. Mummery in 1895, resulted in fatalities due to severe weather conditions and avalanches.
  • The Kashmiri name “Nanga Parbat” is derived from the Sanskrit words “nagna parvata,” meaning “naked mountain.” The local name for the peak is “Diamir,” meaning “king of the mountains

Annapurna

  • Location: Himalayas, Nepal
  • Elevation: 8,091 meters (26,545 feet)
  • Maurice Herzog led the first successful ascent of Annapurna I in 1950, marking it as the first 8,000-meter peak to be climbed.
  • The entire massif, including the surrounding area, is protected within the Annapurna Conservation Area, covering 7,629 square kilometers.
  • This area is renowned for world-class treks such as Annapurna Sanctuary and Annapurna Circuit.
  • The mountain is named after Annapurna, the Hindu goddess of food and nourishment.
  • The name Annapurna is derived from Sanskrit, meaning “filled” and “food,” symbolizing everlasting nourishment.
  • Annapurna I historically had one of the highest fatality-to-summit rates among eight-thousanders.
  • Challenges include avalanche danger, unpredictable weather, and steep climbing routes, notably the treacherous 3,000-meter south face.

Conclusion
In summary, the top 10 highest mountains in the world are amazing and big. Mount Everest is the tallest, but others like Annapurna and Nanga Parbat are also tough to climb. People love going to these mountains because they’re so beautiful and exciting. Places like the Himalayas scatter these peaks, revealing the cool and challenging nature.

Also, read https://thelogicalpie.com/ocean-odyssey-10-extraordinary-deep-sea-creatures-discovered-recently/world/

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