• 14 June 2024

Lost Generation: The Struggle of Indian Youth in the Grip of Drug Addiction

Jan 6, 2024

More people in India, especially young folks, are getting addicted to drugs. The government, along with doctors and organizations, did a big study across the country. They found that many people, including kids and older folks, use cannabis and opioids. But, there aren’t enough good treatment programs for those who need help. Drug addiction can harm both the body and mind. It’s crucial to start programs in schools and communities to prevent drug abuse and help people live better lives. Even though there are challenges, India can make things better with proper planning and support.

Drug Addiction in India

Impact of drug addiction on youth

The impact of drug addiction on youth is multifaceted, affecting various aspects of their physical, mental, and social well-being. The trap of drug addiction can affect the youth in several ways. Here’s how:

Physical Health:

  • Immediate Health Risks
  • Long-term Consequences

Mental Health:

  • Mood Disorders
  • Cognitive Impairment

Social Impact:

  • Relationship Strain
  • Educational and Occupational Challenges

Behavioral Changes:

  • Erratic Behavior
  • Criminal Activity

Financial Consequences:

  • Financial Strain

Impact on Future Opportunities:

  • Educational and Career Aspirations

Health Risks for Vulnerable Populations:

  • Adolescents and Young Adults

Key Stats and Highlights

  • In 2021, only 16% of young people reported using drugs at least once a week.
  • This percentage increased to 23% in 2022, indicating a notable rise in drug use frequency.
  • Northeastern states, particularly Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, and Manipur, are identified as significant areas for drug peddlers.
  • India recorded 10,560 suicides attributed to drug and alcohol addiction in 2021.
  • In 2022, most reported substance use among adolescents held steady at lowered levels.
  • In April 2023, states and union territories ranked Kashmir second in drug abuse, surpassing Punjab.
  • More than 10% of the population grapples with psychiatric disorders, encompassing conditions such as depression, neurosis, and psychosis.
  • The prevalence of drug users stands at 15 individuals per 1000, while chronic alcohol addiction affects 25 out of every 1000 people.
  • However, the availability of beds for psychiatric and de-addiction treatment falls significantly short, meeting only 20% of the demand. Consequently, there is an 80% deficit in inpatient bed availability nationwide.
  • A staggering 1.58 crore children aged 10 to 17 in India are addicted to substances.
  • About 14.6% of the population (between 10 and 75 years old) uses alcohol. Nationally, there are approximately 16 crore alcohol consumers. Higher prevalence among men (27.3%) compared to women (1.6%)
  • Cannabis and opioids are commonly used substances after alcohol. 2.8% of the population (3.1 crore individuals) reported using any cannabis product in the previous year. Cannabis use includes legal forms like bhang and illegal forms like ganja and charas.
  • States with the highest cannabis use: Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Sikkim, Chhattisgarh, and Delhi.
  • ‘Nasha Mukt Bharat Abhiyaan’ (NMBA) launched in 372 vulnerable districts with over 8,000 youth volunteers.
  • Over 3.13 crore youth actively participated in NMBA activities, spreading the anti-substance use message on the ground.
  • 4,000+ Yuva Mandals, NYKS & NSS Volunteers, and Youth Clubs are associated with the Abhiyaan.
  • The contribution of 2.09+ crore women, including Anganwadi & ASHA Workers, ANMs, Mahila Mandals, and Women SHGs, has been vital in reaching a larger community.
  • Nationwide, 3.14+ lakh educational institutions have conducted activities with students and youth to educate them about substance use under NMBA.

Also, read https://thelogicalpie.com/struggling-to-inhale-revealing-the-top-10-most-polluted-cities-in-india/health-fitness/

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