• 14 June 2024

Women in Indian Politics: A Look at the Top 10 Influential Figures

Aug 22, 2023

In Indian politics, many women have become powerful leaders despite the idea that politics is mostly for men. These women have done important things to help the country. This article talks about the top 10 women in Indian politics, their achievements, and how they have made a big difference.

Indira Gandhi

  • Achievements: Green Revolution, Nationalization of Banks, Bangladesh Liberation War.
  • Timeline: Prime Minister from 1966 to 1977 and 1980 until her assassination in 1984.
  • Inclusion Reason: Pioneering Prime Minister, impactful policies, and global leadership.

Sonia Gandhi

  • Achievements: President of Indian National Congress, NREGA, RTI, Food Security Act.
  • Timeline: Actively involved in politics since the late 1990s.
  • Inclusion Reason: Strong political leadership, major social welfare legislations.

Nirmala Sitharaman

  • Achievements: Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs, economic reforms.
  • Timeline: Active in politics since the early 2000s.
  • Inclusion Reason: Integral role in economic policy-making and reforms.

Sushma Swaraj

  • Achievements: Minister of External Affairs, assisting Indian citizens abroad.
  • Timeline: Actively involved in politics for decades until her passing in 2019.
  • Inclusion Reason: Diplomatic contributions and global representation.

Harsimrat Kaur Badal

  • Achievements: Minister of Food Processing Industries, promoting food sector.
  • Timeline: Active in politics for several years.
  • Inclusion Reason: Focus on economic development and agriculture.


  • Achievements: AIADMK leader, multiple terms as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.
  • Timeline: Chief Minister from 1991 until her passing in 2016.
  • Inclusion Reason: Transformative governance in Tamil Nadu, welfare programs.

Vasundhara Raje

Vasundhara Raje : women in Indian Politics
  • Achievements: First woman Chief Minister of Rajasthan, rural development initiatives.
  • Timeline: Chief Minister of Rajasthan multiple times.
  • Inclusion Reason: Empowering rural communities, leadership in a large state.

Mehbooba Mufti

Mehbooba Mufti: women in Indian Politics
  • Achievements: First woman Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, emphasis on peace and development.
  • Timeline: Chief Minister from 2016 to 2018.
  • Inclusion Reason: Leadership in a conflict-ridden region, peace-building efforts.

Draupadi Murmu

Draupadi Murmu : women in Indian Politics
  • Achievements: First woman Governor of Jharkhand, advocate for tribal and women’s rights.
  • Timeline: Active in politics and governance.
  • Inclusion Reason: Significant role in representing tribal and marginalized communities.

Annie Besant

Annie Besant-one of the most Influential women in Indian Politics
  1. Achievements: Theosophist leader, active in Indian National Congress, advocate for Indian self-rule.
  2. Timeline: Involved in Indian politics during the Indian freedom struggle.
  3. Inclusion Reason: Pioneering female leader during the freedom movement, social reformer.

Progress and Barriers


  1. Representation: Women’s representation in Indian politics has been increasing steadily. More women are getting elected to various positions, from local councils to national parliament.
  2. Leadership Roles: Additionally, women have occupied influential roles such as Chief Ministers, Cabinet Ministers, and Speaker of the Lok Sabha. Moreover, their leadership enriches policy decisions with diverse viewpoints.
  3. Policy Reforms: Female politicians have been instrumental in advocating for policies related to women’s rights, healthcare, education, and social welfare.
  4. Empowerment: Generally, women politicians act as role models, additionally inspiring young girls to join politics and pursue leadership positions. Moreover, their influence extends beyond politics, fostering empowerment.
  5. Global Recognition: The world has recognized India’s efforts in promoting women’s political participation, including the reservation of seats for women in local bodies.


  1. Gender Bias: Deep-rooted biases discourage women in politics. Many believe it’s unsuitable. Moreover, biases reinforce this perception, impacting women’s representation.
  2. Family and Cultural Expectations: Traditional gender roles and family responsibilities can limit women’s time and energy for political involvement.
  3. Violence and Harassment: Female politicians frequently face threats, harassment, and violence, making the political space unsafe for them.
  4. Lack of Resources: Limited financial resources and support networks hinder women’s campaigns and political activities.
  5. Uneven Representation: While women’s representation is increasing, it is still far from being proportional to their share of the population.
  6. Male-Dominated Environment: The political arena remains largely male-dominated, which can be intimidating and exclusionary for women.
  7. Stereotypes: Negative stereotypes about women’s leadership abilities can lead to discrimination and hinder their advancement.

Despite these challenges, women in Indian politics continue to make strides, overcoming obstacles and advocating for positive change. Their resilience and determination pave the way for a more inclusive and equitable political landscape.

Also, read https://thelogicalpie.com/exploring-indias-top-scams-a-look-at-major-fraud-cases/politics/

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