• 14 June 2024

HOW UNSAFE IS WOMEN IN INDIA: A DETAILED ANALYSIS

Jul 26, 2023

In India, the safety of women has become a pressing concern, drawing attention to the alarming rates of violence, harassment, and gender-based discrimination. This article delves into an in-depth examination of the safety challenges faced by women in the country, shedding light on the various factors contributing to the issue. From examining the prevalence of violence to analyzing the impact of social, economic, and legal factors, we aim to provide a comprehensive understanding of the current state of women’s safety in India. Furthermore, we explore the initiatives and measures being taken to combat this issue and create a safer environment for all women across the nation. Join us on this journey to gain valuable insights into how unsafe is women in India.

Disturbing Realities of Women’s Rights in India – Key Statistics of how unsafe is women in India

Major crimes against women-How unsafe is  women in India

Dowry system:

95% of rural marriages in India involve dowry despite being outlawed in 1961.

Thousands of women face harassment due to insufficient dowry, leading to severe cases of dowry deaths.
In 2021, 6,795 dowry deaths were recorded, equivalent to one death every 77 minutes.

Violence Against Women:

Unfortunately, in 2021, India reported 31,677 registered cases of rape, averaging 86 cases daily. Additionally, domestic violence remains prevalent, with 137,956 complaints filed in 2021 under “cruelty by husband or his relatives,” as indicated by official records.


Hijab and Educational Institutions:
Moreover, Karnataka state faced legal and public debates regarding Muslim female students wearing hijabs in educational institutions. The state government generally supported discriminatory bans, while the Supreme Court expressed opposing views on the matter, contributing to a complex and contentious situation.

Abortion Rights:

In a progressive ruling, the Supreme Court expanded access to legal abortion for all women, irrespective of marital status or gender identity.

⦁ As of the information provided in the report from the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) and the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI), the situation of crimes against women in India remains a grave concern. Here are some key statistics from the report:
Total Cases: In 2021, a total of 4,28,278 cases of crime against women were registered, representing an increase of 15.3% over the previous year.
Top Categories: Additionally, the majority of cases registered under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) were “cruelty by husband or his relatives” (31.8%), followed by “assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty” (20.8%), “kidnapping and abduction of women” (17.6%), and “rape” (7.4%).
Crime Rate: The crime rate per lakh women population was 64.5 in 2021, compared to 56.5 in 2020.
Regional Hotspots: Moreover, in terms of crimes against women, Haryana generally topped the list of states, recording 16,658 cases, followed by Delhi with 14,277 cases.
Section 498A IPC: Moreover, in the period between 2016 and 2021, India generally recorded 22.8 lakh crimes against women. Additionally, approximately 7 lakh cases (30%) were reported under Section 498A of the IPC. Furthermore, this section deals with cruelty by a husband or his relatives against a woman..
Other Crimes: Assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty (Section 354 IPC) accounted for approximately 23% of all crimes against women during the same period. Kidnapping and abduction constituted about 18%, while rape cases accounted for approximately 8.6%.

This statistics shows how unsafe is women in India.

Crimes against women in India
Detailed Stats:

Please note that the data provided is based on the NFHS-5 survey and may not directly match the NCRB data due to differences in reporting methods and timeframes.

Kidnappings and abductions: How unsafe is women in India

Factors Responsible for Crimes Against Women(how unsafe is women in India)

Gender Discrimination and Crime Against Women in India
Men in India earn 82% of the labor income, while women’s share is only 18%, indicating significant wage disparity and undervaluation of women’s work (World Inequality Report 2022).
Unfortunately, in 2020, India reported over 371,503 cases of crimes against women, encompassing domestic violence, sexual assault, and other abuses. These offenses are often perpetrated by individuals with a power advantage, as reported by the National Crime Records Bureau.

Moreover, approximately 187 million women in India are illiterate, comprising a third of the global illiterate population. Lack of education leaves women vulnerable, trapped, and unable to escape abusive situations (UNICEF).
In India, unreported violence against women is common due to fear of victim-blaming and societal stigma, says NCRB.
In India, gender-based violence is entrenched, fueled by cultural norms and stereotypes, resulting in widespread reported cases.

Legislations to Address Crimes Against Women in India:

  • Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005: Additionally, the measures provide protection to women at workplaces and against domestic violence, encompassing physical, emotional, and economic abuse.
  • Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961: Additionally, the measures aim to curb dowry-related offenses and strictly prohibit the giving or taking of dowry.
  • Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Act, 2013: Measures address workplace harassment, require Internal Complaints Committees for women’s safety and support.
  • Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006: Seeks to prevent child marriages and protect young girls from early marriage.

Measures Taken for Women’s Safety:

  • Nirbhaya Fund: Funds projects for the safety and security of women.
  • One-Stop Centre Scheme: Provides integrated support and assistance to women affected by violence.
  • Universalisation of Women Helpline: Offers a dedicated helpline for women in distress.
  • Mahila Police Volunteers: Engages volunteers to assist women in police-related matters.
  • Emergency Response Support System (ERSS): Provides a single emergency number (112) for prompt response to distress calls.
  • Cyber Crime Portal: Allows citizens to report obscene content and cybercrimes against women.
  • Strengthening DNA Analysis Units: Enhances forensic capabilities for investigation and prosecution.

Challenges Faced at Different Stages of a Woman’s Life:

  • Foeticide and Infanticide: Economic and cultural preference for sons leads to female foeticide and infanticide.
  • School Going Age: Girls face discrimination and lack of access to proper education compared to boys.
  • Adolescence: Many adolescent girls become victims of sexual abuse, early marriage, or exploitation.
  • Marriage: Women may suffer physical, economic, and emotional abuse after marriage.
  • Motherhood: Lack of proper medical care and nutrition during pregnancy can harm women’s health.
  • Workplace: Women face exploitation, unequal pay, and abuse in the workplace.

Conclusion:
Despite legislative measures and initiatives, crimes against women in India persist. Unfortunately, gender discrimination, lack of awareness, and ineffective implementation of laws generally contribute to the problem. Continuing efforts for gender equality, ensuring safe environments for empowered women, remains crucial.

Special Thanks and Credits

We extend our heartfelt gratitude to bbc.com/news/world-asia-india,https://ncrb.gov.in/,http://nhrc.nic.in, for providing valuable insights, data, and images for our blog. Your contribution has enriched our content and allowed us to deliver a more informative and engaging experience to our readers. We sincerely appreciate your collaboration and look forward to future partnerships.

Thank you for being an essential part of our journey.

Also , read https://thelogicalpie.com/uncovering-the-deep-root-causes-of-student-suicide/health-fitness/

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