• 14 June 2024

Forgotten Borders: The Plight of Rohingya Refugees

Jan 20, 2024

The Rohingya refugee crisis is a big problem. The Rohingya people, a group in Myanmar, have been treated badly by the Myanmar military for many years. In 2017, the military did very bad things, and many Rohingya had to leave their homes and go to Bangladesh. Now, they live in crowded camps without enough food, water, or medical care.

Fixing this problem is not easy. The world needs to work together to solve it. We must make sure Myanmar’s military is held responsible, provide help to the refugees, and find a long-term solution for them to go back home safely. This crisis shows how important it is to protect human rights and work together globally to help people in need. We must not forget the Rohingya and should support them in rebuilding their lives.

Highlights

  1. Refugee Influx:
    • In late August and September 2017, several hundred thousand Rohingya refugees sought shelter in Bangladesh, fleeing ethnic cleansing in Myanmar.
    • The Kutupalong-Balukhali Expansion Camp in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, is now the world’s largest refugee camp.
  2. Myanmar’s Responsibility:
    • The crisis is a result of the Myanmar military’s large-scale campaign of killings, rape, arson, and other abuses, amounting to crimes against humanity.
    • Myanmar’s failure to address atrocities and long-standing discrimination against the Rohingya population contributes to delays in repatriation.
  3. Environmental Vulnerability:
    • The Cox’s Bazar area, housing over 900,000 Rohingya refugees, is at high risk of cyclones and storm-surge flooding.
    • Approximately 215,000 refugees are at risk of landslides and flooding, with concerns about evacuation plans and movement restrictions.
  4. Overcrowded Camps:
    • The Kutupalong-Balukhali mega camp is severely overcrowded, with an average usable space per person far below the recommended international standard for refugee camps.
    • Densely packed conditions increase the risk of communicable diseases, fires, tensions, and violence.
  5. Education Challenges:
    • Refugee children lack access to formal education, attending “temporary learning centers” with limited instructional hours.
    • Only one-quarter of school-aged children attend these learning centers, leaving nearly 400,000 children and youth without a formal education.
  6. Relocation Concerns:
    • The proposed relocation site, Bhasan Char, is deemed unsuitable due to environmental risks, isolation, and lack of basic services.
    • Rohingya refugees express gratitude to Bangladesh but emphasize a preference for voluntary repatriation to Myanmar under specific conditions.

Statistics

  1. Refugee Numbers:
    • Over 900,000 Rohingya refugees in the Cox’s Bazar area (as of the report).
    • 11,432 refugees arrived between the beginning and end of June 2018.
  2. Environmental Risks:
    • 215,000 refugees at risk of landslides and flooding in Cox’s Bazar.
    • Only 19,500 refugees relocated from the highest-risk locations (as of July 4).
  3. Camp Conditions:
    • Average usable space per person in the mega camp: 10.7 square meters (far below the recommended 45 square meters).
    • The mega camp contains nearly 700,000 new arrivals on top of 200,000 refugees from previous waves of persecution.
  4. Education Gap:
    • Only one-quarter of school-aged children attend temporary learning centers.
    • Nearly 400,000 children and youth are not receiving formal education.
  5. Relocation Plans:
    • Bangladesh authorities are preparing to transfer 100,000 refugees to Bhasan Char, an island with environmental and isolation concerns.
    • The Ukhiya subdistrict proposes six feasible relocation sites, totaling over 1,300 acres.
  6. Legal Status:
    • Rohingya refugees officially registered as “Forcibly Displaced Myanmar Nationals,” denying them refugee status and associated rights.
    • While not a party to the 1951 Refugee Convention, Bangladesh must ensure fundamental rights for all persons within its jurisdiction.
  7. Government Position:
    • The Bangladeshi government does not publicly acknowledge that the Rohingya refugees may not repatriate soon, resisting structures or policies indicating permanency.
    • Authorities resist international efforts and refugee demands to create stable structures, infrastructure, or policies.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the Rohingya refugee crisis is a tragedy that demands our attention and action. We must work together to provide aid to refugees, hold those responsible for the crisis accountable, and work towards a long-term solution that allows the Rohingya to return to their homes with safety and dignity. Only then can we truly say that we have not forgotten the plight of the Rohingya refugees.

Also, read https://thelogicalpie.com/in-the-shadows-the-lives-of-undocumented-workers-in-developed-countries/society/

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