• 14 June 2024

Architectural Marvels 2024:10 Tallest Skyscrapers Defining City Skylines

Jan 23, 2024

City skylines around the world are defined by towering structures that pierce the clouds and captivate our imagination. In this exploration, we delve into the essence of urban landscapes shaped by the presence of the 10 tallest skyscrapers. These architectural wonders not only touch the sky but also stand as testaments to human ingenuity and the constant pursuit of reaching new heights.

Burj Khalifa (Dubai, United Arab Emirates)

Pic Credit-Britannica
  • Located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, the Burj Khalifa is the world’s tallest structure.
  • It stands at a total height of 829.8 m (2,722 ft) and has been the tallest building since its completion in 2009.
  • Construction began in 2004 and was completed in 2009, with the building officially opened in 2010.
  • Designed by Adrian Smith of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, featuring a Y-shaped tripartite floor geometry.
  • The primary structure is reinforced concrete, and some structural steel originated from the Palace of the Republic in East Berlin.
  • Part of the Downtown Dubai development, the Burj Khalifa is a centerpiece of a large-scale, mixed-use project.
  • Constructed as part of Dubai’s strategy to diversify its economy from oil and gain international recognition.
  • Financial difficulties during development led to assistance from Sheikh Khalifa, resulting in a name change from “Burj Dubai” to “Burj Khalifa.”
  • The building was named in honor of the former president of the United Arab Emirates, Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan.
  • Islamic architecture inspired design, incorporating elements from the Great Mosque of Samarra.
  • The Y-shaped design optimizes residential and hotel space, with a buttressed central core and wings supporting its height.
  • Features a cladding system designed to withstand Dubai’s hot temperatures.
  • Surrounding malls, hotels, and condominiums in Downtown Dubai have been more economically successful than the Burj Khalifa itself.
  • The project aimed at profitability through high-density developments around the landmark.
  • Received positive critical reception and numerous awards for its architectural and engineering achievements.
  • Complaints regarding low wages and passport confiscation for migrant workers, primarily from South Asia, involved in construction.

Shanghai Tower (Shanghai, China)

Pic Credit-Gensler
  • Shanghai Tower is a mega-tall skyscraper located in Lujiazui, Pudong, Shanghai, China.
  • Stands at a towering height of 632 meters (2,073 feet), making it the tallest building in China and the world’s third-tallest by height to the architectural top.
  • Holds the distinction of being the tallest and largest building globally with LEED Platinum certification for environmental sustainability, a title earned since 2015.
  • Shares a record (with the Ping An Finance Center) for having the world’s highest observation deck within a building or structure at 562 meters.
  • Previously held the world’s second-fastest elevators until 2017, with a top speed of 20.5 meters per second.
  • Forms part of the first triple-adjacent supertall buildings in Pudong, along with the Jin Mao Tower and the Shanghai World Financial Center.
  • The tiered construction of the tower is designed for high energy efficiency, offering nine separate zones for office, retail, and leisure use.
  • Construction commenced in November 2008 and topped out on August 4, 2013.
  • Exterior completion was in the summer of 2015, with overall completion considered in September 2014.
  • Originally scheduled to open in November 2014, the public-use date was shifted to February 2015.
  • The observation deck opened to visitors in July 2016, following a “test run” or “commissioning” period from July to September 2018.
  • The sightseeing deck on the 118th floor has been accessible to the public since April 26, 2017.

Abraj Al Bait Clock Tower (Mecca, Saudi Arabia)

Pic Credit-Britannica
  • The Clock Towers, formerly known as Abraj Al Bait, is a complex of seven government-owned skyscraper hotels in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
  • Part of the King Abdulaziz Endowment Project aimed at modernizing Mecca to cater to pilgrims.
  • The central hotel tower, known as the Makkah Clock Royal Tower, is a significant structure.
  • Ranks as the fourth-tallest building and the sixth-tallest freestanding structure globally.
  • The clock tower houses the Clock Tower Museum, occupying the top four floors of the tower.
  • Situated 300 meters away from the Great Mosque of Mecca, the world’s largest mosque and Islam’s most sacred site.
  • Developed and constructed by the Saudi Binladin Group, the Kingdom’s largest construction company.
  • The Clock Towers complex is recognized as the world’s second most expensive building.
  • The total cost of construction amounted to US$15 billion.
  • The complex was built following the demolition of the Ajyad Fortress, an 18th-century Ottoman citadel.
  • The fortress, located on a hill overlooking the Grand Mosque, was destroyed in 2002, sparking controversy and protests, especially from Turkey.
  • Part of a broader initiative to modernize Mecca and enhance facilities for pilgrims visiting the city.
  • The destruction of the historically significant Ajyad Fortress in 2002 led to outcry and strong reactions, particularly from Turkey, due to the cultural and historical importance of the site.

Ping An Finance Center (Shenzhen, China)

Pic Credit-ArchDaily
  • Ping An Finance Center is a prominent 115-storey, 599.1 meters (1,966 feet) supertall skyscraper situated in Shenzhen, Guangdong, China.
  • Commissioned by Ping An Insurance and designed by the renowned American architectural firm Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates.
  • The building’s construction concluded in 2017.
  • Holds the distinction of being the tallest building in Shenzhen, the second-tallest in China, and the fifth-tallest globally.
  • Notably, the skyscraper broke records by featuring the highest observation deck in a building at an impressive height of 562 meters (1,844 feet).
  • Ranks as the second-largest skyscraper globally by floor area, following Azabudai Hills Main Tower in Tokyo, Japan.

Lotte World Tower (Seoul, South Korea)

Lotte World Tower (Seoul, South Korea)-Skyscrapers
Pic Credit-ArchDaily
  • Lotte World Tower is a remarkable 123-story, 555-meter (1,821-foot) supertall skyscraper situated in Sincheon-dong, Songpa-gu, Seoul, South Korea.
  • Ranks as the sixth-tallest building globally.
  • Holds the distinction of being the tallest building in OECD countries.
  • Marks the first building in South Korea to surpass the 100-story mark.
  • Completed in 2016, it was the fourth-tallest building in the world at that time.
  • Subsequently surpassed in height by the Ping An Finance Center in Shenzhen and the Merdeka 118 in Kuala Lumpur.
  • Lotte World Tower opened its doors to the public on April 3.
  • Features a “Sky Bridge Tour” located on the roof at 541 meters (1,775 feet), offering breathtaking panoramic views.
  • The height of the Sky Bridge equals the total height of One World Trade Center, the tallest building in the United States.

One World Trade Center (New York City, USA)

One World Trade Center (New York City, USA)-Skyscrapers
  • One World Trade Center, the main building in the rebuilt World Trade Center complex, stands in Lower Manhattan, NYC.
  • Designed by David Childs, construction began on April 27, 2006. Topped out on Aug 30, 2012, it’s the tallest in the U.S. and the Western Hemisphere.
  • The total height is 1,776 feet (541 m), symbolizing the U.S. Declaration of Independence year.
  • It opened on Nov 3, 2014, with the One World Observatory inaugurated on May 29, 2015.
  • Officially named “One World Trade Center” in 2009, it has 94 stories, and the complex will include five high-rise buildings. The site also hosts the National September 11 Memorial & Museum.

Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre (Guangzhou, China)

Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre (Guangzhou, China)-Skyscrapers
Pic Credit-KPF
  • The Guangzhou Chow Tai Fook Finance Centre, also known as the East Tower, is located in Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.
  • Completed in October 2016, it is the tallest completed building in Guangzhou, the third-tallest in China, and the eighth-tallest globally.
  • The skyscraper has a height of 530 meters (1,739 feet).
  • It consists of 111 above-ground and five below-ground floors.
  • The Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre is a mixed-use skyscraper, housing a shopping mall, offices, apartments, and a hotel.
  • It has a gross floor area of 507,681.0 meters square (5,464,633 sq ft).
  • Located east of the central axis, with an underground mall and connections to public transportation underneath.
  • Forms part of the Guangzhou Twin Towers, with the other tower being the Guangzhou International Finance Center (West Tower).
  • The Guangzhou CTF Centre is referred to as the “East Tower.”
  • Situated close to the 604 m (1,982 ft) tall Canton Tower.
  • Owned by Chow Tai Fook Enterprises.
  • Houses the world’s fastest elevators, capable of reaching speeds up to 21 m/s (69 ft/s).

Tianjin CTF Finance Centre (Tianjin, China)

Tianjin CTF Finance Centre (Tianjin, China)-Skyscrapers
Pic Credit-Archello
  • The Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area central business district of Binhai, Tianjin, China, houses the Tianjin CTF Finance Center.
  • In 2013, they initiated construction, and they finished building it in 2019.
  • Stands at a height of 1,739 ft (530 m).
  • It comprises 97 floors.
  • The second-tallest building in Municipal Tianjin, after Goldin Finance 117.
  • Globally, it ranks as the eighth-tallest building.
  • Holds the distinction of being the tallest building in the world with fewer than 100 floors.
  • Located in the outer district of the Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area.
  • Designed by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP in collaboration with Ronald Lu & Partners.

China Zun (Beijing, China)

China Zun (Beijing, China)-Skyscrapers
Pic Credit-Geospatial World
  • CITIC Tower, also known as China Zun, is a supertall skyscraper situated in the Central Business District of Beijing, China.
  • The tower has 109 stories and stands at a remarkable height of 528 m (1,732 ft).
  • It became Beijing’s tallest building on August 18, 2016, surpassing the China World Trade Center Tower III by 190 m (620 ft).
  • On July 9, 2017, CITIC Tower reached its structural topping out, achieved full topping out on August 18, 2017, and completed construction in late 2018, thereby becoming the tallest completed building of 2018.
  • It holds the title of the tallest building with a rooftop helipad in the world in 2024.
  • The CITIC Group, developers of the tower, derived the tower’s nickname, China Zun, from the zun, an ancient Chinese wine vessel, which inspired the building’s design.
  • Groundbreaking ceremony held on September 19, 2011.
  • China Construction Third Engineering Bureau constructed the tower.
  • The team expected to finish the project within five years.
  • Farrells produced the tower’s land bid concept design, while Kohn Pedersen Fox took over the project, completing a 14-month-long concept design process.
  • CITIC Tower features a mixed-use design, including 60 floors of office space, 20 floors of luxury apartments, and 20 floors with a hotel comprising 300 rooms.
  • The tower includes a rooftop garden on the top floor at a height of 524 m (1,719 ft).
  • Likely to remain the tallest building in Beijing for the foreseeable future, as authorities capped new projects in the central business district to a height of no more than 180 m (590 ft) in 2018 to reduce congestion.

Taipei 101 (Taipei, Taiwan)

Taipei 101 (Taipei, Taiwan)-Skyscrapers
  • Taipei 101, formerly Taipei World Financial Center, is a renowned skyscraper located in Taipei, Taiwan.
  • Officially recognized as the world’s tallest building upon its opening on December 31, 2004, until surpassed by the Burj Khalifa in 2009.
  • First skyscraper globally to exceed a height of half a kilometer.
  • As of 2023, Taipei 101 holds the title of the tallest building in Taiwan and ranks as the eleventh tallest building globally.
  • The elevators of Taipei 101 set speed records, transporting passengers from the 5th to the 89th floor in an impressive 37 seconds, reaching a speed of 60.6 km/h (37.7 mph).
  • In 2011, Taipei 101 received a Platinum certificate rating under the LEED certification system for energy efficiency and environmental design.
  • It became the tallest and largest green building globally at that time.
  • Taipei 101 is a cultural icon of Taipei and frequently appears in international media.
  • The tower’s New Year’s Eve fireworks displays are a notable feature in global broadcasts and celebrations.
  • Exhibits a postmodernist architectural style that combines traditional Asian aesthetics with modern industrial materials.
  • Designed to withstand earthquakes in the Pacific Ring of Fire and tropical storms.
  • Houses offices, restaurants, shops, as well as indoor and outdoor observatories.
  • Adjoined by a multilevel shopping mall featuring the world’s largest ruyi symbol as an exterior feature.

Conclusion

As we conclude our journey through the realms of urban verticality, it’s evident that these skyscrapers go beyond mere structures; they embody the aspirations and achievements of the cities they grace. The ever-evolving skyline tells a story of innovation, engineering prowess, and a shared global desire to reach new summits. These skyscrapers stand tall, not just in physical stature, but as iconic symbols shaping the identities of the cities they call home.

Also, readhttps://thelogicalpie.com/global-giants-2024-exploring-the-worlds-top-10-largest-companies/technology/

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